What Goes into a Homemade First Aid Kit
A first aid kit is a helpful and important item in homes and for outdoor adventures. It contains a set of medical supplies and other items for medical emergency. Homes should have a first aid kit. A homemade first aid kit can contain various medical supplies obtained differently. Although pharmacies or stores offer first-aid kits, they may contain low-quality and lesser amount of items. These kits may contain items for treating minor injuries.
A homemade kit can be customized. It could contain more than the required medical supplies. However, the amount of items that can be found in first aid kit may vary according to the preferences of homeowners and users.
A homemade first aid kit can be optimized by users. It can be added with other useful items that can be used in treating wounds, bruises or injuries. Bandages and dressings are the common items that can be found in a first aid kit.
Dressings should be sterile when they are used to protect wounds. Gauze roller bandages, adhesive bandages, triangular bandages and elastic bandages are types of items that can be applied to secure a dressing. Nevertheless, popular less-costly adhesive bandages with dressing such as Band-Aid could be integrated in a first aid kit.
Medications should also be included in a homemade first aid kit. These medications may range from antibiotics or antiseptics to painkillers. Alcohol, povidone iodine, benzalkonium chloride and antibiotic ointment are antiseptic substances to be applied on wounds and cuts.
Ointments and lotions used to relieve skin itchiness can also be put in a first aid kit. Painkillers and antihistamine drugs can be included in a kit to relieve various ailments. Medications to treat skin disorders and problems such as aloe Vera gel, burn gel, and petroleum jelly can also be stored in a kit.
Some items can be added in a first aid kit if it is used in outdoor activities. One can add items that are used to treat snakebites and motion sickness in a kit. Activated charcoal and syrup of ipecac are medications that can be used to treat poisons. They can be used as directed by poison control center and can be included in the kit.
Instruments and medical equipment can also be integrated in a first aid kit. Splint, personal protective equipment such as gloves and CPR mask, space blanket, thermometer, BP instrument, hand sanitizer, tweezers, irrigation syringe, rubber suction bulb and trauma shears are items that can be put in a first aid kit.
A first aid kit can help a lot when it is brought within an outdoor activity. It can be integrated in a survival kit.
What Supplies could be in a Survival Kit?
A survival kit may refer to a package that can contain the supplies and basic materials to aid an individual to survival in the event of an emergency situation. This kit is mostly referred to as a load used by the armed forces to house the needed supplies such as food, shelter and other necessary items for survival.
A soldier or a group of soldiers in armed forces is equipped with a survival kit that could contain the shelter or materials for warmth such as Space blanket, mosquito net or tube tent. A survival kit may also contain first-aid medicines and personal needs; food and water storage container; insect repellent and money.
Moreover, multipurpose tools and materials such as Swiss army knife, sharpening stone, parachute cord, heavy-duty thread and needle and firearms and pistols could be included in a survival kit.
Navigational devices such as personal locator beacons, compass, signal mirrors and maps could also be stored in a survival kit and can be used as needed during survival operations. Survival manual could be a very essential material that can be brought within a survival kit by a soldier. Books such as SAS Survival Guide and United States Army Survival Manual can be used as references for survival guidelines in harsh situations and in case of emergency.
The survival kit can be a backpack containing the necessary materials for survival or can be a load or transportation that has supplies and survival tools. The contents of a survival kit carried by a soldier may vary depending on a situation, area or climate. A soldier may also bring with him a mini survival kit that can accommodate small necessary survival tools such as mini compass, plastic garbage bag, fishing hook, small candle, waterproof matches, knife blade, jigsaw blade and other necessary survival supplies that can fit in a small kit.
Survivalist campers also carry a survival kit. It is called by survivalists as bug-out bag or get out of dodge kit or GOOD kit. It can contain supplies such as medical equipment, communications gear, power supplies, water purification equipment and food. They can be loaded in a vehicle if they are bulky.
Survivalists may carry items in a bug-out bag which he deemed necessary. However, other campers may bring various supplies and needed survival tools and equipment if they aim for a longer trip.
The contents of a survival kit can be anything as long as they are important for survival and are needed in times of emergency. Homeowners may also have their own versions of survival kits as preparations for calamities. Such calamities as hypothermia and survival in an extremely cold environment
In an outdoor environment where the weather can get cold or hot, possible things may occur to outdoor people. When the weather is extremely hot, it may not be advisable to exercise under the heat of the sun as this could cause hyperthermia. It can lead a person to death although he who experiences it can be treated. Hospitalization could be required when a person experiences hyperthermia.
A contrary to hyperthermia is hypothermia. This is characterized by a drop in body temperature. People could experience shivering and numbness in some parts of the body, mild confusion, and quick and shallow breathing. Individuals may undergo three stages of hypothermia. When a person reaches the last stage of hypothermia, he could experience extreme shivering, irregular heartbeats, poor muscle coordination, sluggish thinking and incoherent behavior. If remain untreated, hypothermia could lead to clinical death and then brain death to a hypothermic person.
Treating hypothermic patients can be made by sheltering and applying gradual heat. Close body contact with a companion and sipping warm sweet liquids can help the patients re-warmed. Hospitalization may be needed to persons that experience moderate or extreme hypothermic condition. Medication should be made by qualified medical personnel.
Meanwhile, hypothermia can be prevented by wearing wool fabric or synthetic clothing. Covering the head could also help prevent a person experience severe shivering. Wearing of dry suits when engaging in water activities particularly scuba diving, snorkeling and kayaking can bring warmth in cold water environment.
Hypothermia education is significantly needed particularly to individuals engaging in outdoor activities. This could help individuals survive an extremely cold environment. Cold weather could be experienced particularly at nighttime in the wild.
Managing the risks that could come in outdoor activities could be a part of hypothermia education and survival training. Individuals should realize that aside from the fearsome creatures and hostile environment, harsh and cold weather condition can also be an adversary in the wild. It would be significant to know the basic and important things of survival skills with regards to hypothermic condition.
Hypothermia education may include information about the condition, causes, signs and symptoms, risk factors, complications, treatment and prevention. It may also involve knowing the stage where medical attendance should be needed.
The signs and symptoms that can be experienced from extreme loss of body heat of the body can be prevented during times of extreme coolness. Survivalists and people prone to extreme adventures should know the benefits of hypothermia education.